number of English cases". 242 Traits that have spread from London in recent decades include the use of intrusive R ( drawing is pronounced drawring /drr t -glottalisation ( Potter is pronounced with a glottal stop as Po'er /po and the pronunciation. Today, the use of English is ubiquitous in the Philippines, from street signs and marquees, government documents and forms, courtrooms, the media and entertainment industries, the business sector, and other aspects of daily life. The Norman language in England eventually developed into Anglo-Norman. "English in East Africa". While the European Union (EU) allows member states to designate any of the national languages as an official language of the Union, in practice English is the main working language of EU organisations. Auxiliary verbs form main clauses, and the main verbs function as heads of a subordinate clause of the auxiliary verb. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. Words of Old Norse origin have entered the English language primarily from the contact between Old Norse and Old English during colonisation of eastern and northern England. Present takes loves Preterite took loved Plain (infinitive) take love Gerundparticiple taking loving Past participle taken loved Tense, aspect and mood English has two primary tenses, past (preterit) and non-past. One of the most productive processes in English is conversion, using a word with a different grammatical role, for example using a noun as a verb or a verb as a noun. However the centre of norsified English seems to have been in the Midlands around Lindsey, and after 920 CE when Lindsey was reincorporated into the Anglo-Saxon polity, Norse features spread from there into English varieties that had not been in direct contact with Norse speakers.